Our teacher, Julia, asked us to do some research on the development of the railway network in Argentina (as influenced by the English) in the 1800.
Argentina had a foreign policy with Britain during the National Organization in which Argentina sold raw materials and animal breeding with the investment of Britain in our country in return. This investments included the set up of transport, communication and navigation.
In 1855 local capitals were invested in the Western Rail Company. The first railway line had a path from Parque Station to Flores. The opening of this line was in 1857.
After the inauguratuon of the Western Railway smaller companies opened. This include the Northern Railway of Buenos Aires, the Buenos Aires and Ensenada Railway, the East Argentine Railway or the Buenos Aires to Campana Line.
The investments of Britain were bigger than the locals. This were companies like the Central Argentine Railway Ltd. and the Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway Co. Ltd. The other railways were now consumed by the ones owned by Britain.
This services that Britain invested on Argentina, were very favorable to the country because the return consisted in loans with low interests. In 1948 Juan Domingo Perón, the president of Argentina, decided to nationalize the services and the country itself. He didn’t want to depend on the other countries any more, so he decided to buy everything. This didn’t only harm the economy of the country, but it also affected on the quality of the rail service.
To conclude, Britain was a big help for Argentina. This investment was a very big help because without it the transport in that moment would have been more difficult. Historians and local people analyse that this foreign policy was not convenient for Argentina, but in the end the setting up of the important services were an stimulate for the country.